When searching for the ideal key management solution, start by outlining what specific security challenges you face today. Consider the specific costs and risks for your organization associated with lost keys, the cost of managing keys, and producing key transaction records.
Then determine what your security goals are for the future. Do you want increased awareness of the location of keys in your facility? Better control over key access by individual or job type? More detailed reporting and auditing?
Thinking these through first, before actually looking at products, helps clarify your organization’s priorities, and will better inform the rest of your purchasing process.
You will also want to determine what size and type of key cabinet best fits your needs. Think about the optimal location at your facility to install the key management system. Then perform a preliminary audit of your infrastructure and work processes:
Now you are ready to research products. There are two important features to ask vendors about when comparing system reliability: Tracking technology and locking mechanisms.
The locking mechanism controls access to keys. It only allows authorized users to access the key panel, and only the specific keys assigned to them. Unassigned keys remain locked in place.
If all you need to do is track who took which key when, without restricting the access to certain sets of keys, then a locking system may not be a requirement for your business. Ask your vendor whether their products lock keys in place or not.
Tracking technology is what's inside the key fob, and allows the cabinet to read which key has been taken and returned. There are many types of tracking technology on the market today. Some key fobs rely on metal to metal contact to be recognized by the key cabinet, more commonly known as a "dallas chip". This option is reliable as long as key fobs are cleaned regularly to ensure that nothing interferes with the metal contact, allowing the cabinet to read the chip.
Radio-Frequency Identification (RFID) is a reliable, short-range wireless technology that allows for the automatic identification and tracking of product tags attached to objects. This makes for fast, error-free key transactions. RFID key fobs do not require cleaning or any contact to be read and recognized by a key cabinet.
Make a point to ask vendors about the number of users their systems can support, as well as how many different administrative and user profiles can be created. These profiles allow you to tailor access levels to your specific operational needs. The number of users supported may affect pricing, so make sure to discuss any additional software costs with your vendor when comparing the total cost of ownership (TCO) and return on investment (ROI) for each of the key management solutions that you are looking at.
Another aspect to consider is the ability to restrict user access to different keys or assets. You will need to decide whether it’s important to ensure that individuals or groups can access only the keys you have assigned, while all other unauthorized keys remain locked in place. Systems may also offer multiple verification options, such as a PIN code, an access control card, or a biometric reader. So consider which makes the most sense for your environment and level of security required. PIN code control costs less, but is easier to share whereas biometric controls cannot be replicated by other users and offer a higher level of security, at a higher cost.
As you research your options, compare the guaranteed response time among providers: is it within minutes? Two hours? Four hours or more? Is service available 24/7? Does the vendor provide direct support and service, or do they outsource service and support?
Ask for references whom you can speak with about the quality and timeliness of support services.
Usually price comparison sheets only disclose upfront costs. But the true Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) includes expenses incurred over the expected lifetime of the system. To better inform your purchasing decision, be sure to do a full TCO cost comparison. Include hardware and software expenses for licensing, support, system updates, customization, reporting, and ongoing maintenance of your system.
Ask vendors how current their hardware technology is, and how they have kept it updated. It may seem like buying older technology will save you some money today, but older technology is more costly to maintain. Hardware and labor costs scale upwards as equipment ages. Older technology also tends to be less adaptable to current business trends, and may not appropriately scale or evolve as your needs change. Most often, in the long run you’ll save by investing in more advanced hardware right away.
Also ask about warranty options. Some vendors provide a standard one-year warranty, while others have expanded options. Is the warranty all-inclusive? If not, what’s excluded and what are the cost implications if something goes wrong?
An electronic key management system can usually be integrated with an existing physical security or asset management system without costly upgrades or overhauls. Ask vendors about the possibility of integrating their key control cabinets with other security systems as part of a facility’s security network.
This might allow you to extend the functionality of your key control system, make the transition easier from an operational standpoint, make it easier for users to adapt, and increase the value that you get from the technology. For example, some asset control systems can be integrated with existing video surveillance systems, and some key management systems are compatible with existing identification card systems.
You may also want to ask vendors about the compatibility of other systems they offer, such as door exit alarms, fleet management, and asset or weapon lockers. Depending on your specific organizational needs, you may benefit from custom reports, additional features, or you may want to connect your key management system to other applications. But be sure to ask your vendor about added costs for customization and integration.
Reporting options vary significantly by key management software. Make sure to find out how adaptable each system is to your particular reporting needs. Are the reports in a useful format? Can you export or distribute them?
Door-exit alarms and real-time alert notifications allow for a rapid response and virtually eliminate lost or stolen keys. Check which alarm options are available in the systems you are considering. Some key systems can send automatic notifications and events to authorized personnel for enhanced control. Personnel can cancel an alarm and remotely disable user privileges if necessary. Automatic alarm notifications and email alerts can
be created and sent to computers or smartphones as they occur.
Check if each system allows for:
Real-time transaction logging means that every transaction is automatically recorded and compiled into usage logs. These logs include all changes to access and permission levels. Real-time reporting allows administrators to see at any given time which users have keys in their possession.
In addition to operational reporting, if you’re in a regulated industry, make sure that every single solution you’re considering meets your minimum compliance reporting threshold. This could include audit trails on all keys, key transactions, system alarms, or user transactions.
What may seem adequate today may be insufficient a year from now. The ability to add on just the exact components you need, or change key modules where and when you need them, will help protect your investment. By planning for expansion now, you will avoid having to replace an entire, inadequate key control system later. Not only could you limit growth, but you could entirely stifle new business opportunities.
Consider the possibility of adding an asset management system with lockers to secure, manage, and audit use of small electronics like smartphones, tablets, or other valuable items. If this becomes a requirement in the future, you’ll benefit from selecting a vendor that can offer additional solutions that integrate with your new key system.